The origins of Babylonian mathematics


The origins of Babylonian mathematics

The main part within the evolution of mathematics played Egypt and Babylon. Men and women and academics of those civilizations have produced an massive contribution for the development of geometry, arithmetic, and even laid the foundation for the emergence of algebra.

The Babylonian kingdom arose in the beginning of II millennium BC. e. around the territory of modern Iraq, replacing Sumer and Akkad, and inheriting their sophisticated culture. Existed till the Persian conquest in 539 BC. e. Babylonian cuneiform writing on clay tablets icons which a considerable number have survived. For this reason, there is a relatively total picture in the mathematical achievements of scientists Babylonian State. The roots of the Babylonian culture was largely inherited in the Sumerians – cuneiform writing, countable technique and so forth. Babylonian mathematical texts are mostly educational in nature… They show that the calculated Babylonian approach was far superior Egyptian, along with the selection of tasks is significantly wider. You can find tasks to resolve quadratic equations, geometric progression. In solving the applied proportions, arithmetic mean, percentages.

About the mathematics of ancient Babylon and their scientific achievements

As the Babylonians system was positional, their calculations were particularly equivalent to ours. When subtraction and addition they just add cheap paper writing and subtract numbers digit by digit. An added benefit was that the sexagesimal digits indicate nepozitsionnyh manner by ones and tens, and in such a technique to subtract and add significantly much easier than in our abstract notation requiring unique addition learn the table.

The Babylonians had been the founders of astronomy. Their findings on the length on the significant cycles and periods within the planetary technique includes a fairly higher degree of accuracy; One example is, the lunar month in Babylonian mathematics is numerous from pleasant in modern astronomy just 0.four seconds. It was designed its personal program of weights and measures, in which every successive worth proved to become extra than the previous 60 times. Hence it originated the contemporary division of time – seconds, minutes, hours. With regard for the measurement of angles from ancient Babylon for the present day came oboznachpenie one sixtieth of a degree (minute) and the suitable array of 360 degrees.

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